Extracurricular Preparation Overview
Preparation for medical school involves engaging in experiences that develop and demonstrate skills in communication, leadership, community service, research, and familiarity with the medical profession. What you do with your time helps define who you are in your application. Medical schools will learn what you care about and who you are through experiences that align with your interests and goals. Keep in mind that activities complement your coursework, but will not compensate for low grades. Both are important!
- Keep a detailed record of all hours and experiences — document contact information and reflections on each activity. Most students create an Excel spreadsheet to track experiences.
- All activities should be completed during your undergraduate study.
- Try to complete activities consistently throughout the school year.
- Be intentional and deliberate in planning your experiences, so you are prepared to apply when the time comes.
Shadowing should be one of your first experiences as a premedical student. Observing physicians in action will help you gather the information you need to commit to the profession fully. It will help you learn about a variety of medical specialties in a hospital, clinical, community, or private practice setting. It is a good idea to shadow both MD and DO doctors. Shadowing requires professional dress and conduct.
Competitive applicants shadow at least 3-5 different physicians and accumulate 100 hours of shadowing. They will have a balance between primary care and non-primary care physicians.
Interacting well with patients is one of the key indicators of a successful future provider. Your experience can be either paid or unpaid. It may or may not require certification. Examples include ER or hospice volunteer, EMT, CNA, medical scribe, etc.
Competitive applicants will complete 1-2 different experiences each lasting at least 6 months to a year for a total of 100+ hrs.
Because you are preparing for a humanitarian profession, it is important to have volunteer experiences that demonstrate a consistent and long-term commitment to serving others in your community. Look for service opportunities with an underserved population, in your community, on campus, or in a humanitarian setting. Volunteer activities need not be medically related but should be something important and meaningful to you. Quality of the experience is more important than quantity.
Competitive applicants complete at least 3 different experiences and gain 300-400 hours of volunteer experience during their undergraduate study—this is in addition to any church service.
As a physician, you will be a leader in many ways. Professional schools admit students who have experience making and recognizing the consequences of their decisions. Leadership involves teamwork and builds solid communication skills. Examples of leadership could be mentoring, tutoring, society presidencies, student government, in a job, coaching, or church callings.
Competitive applicants complete 3 different experiences and gain 100-200 hours. Two experiences need to be non-church related.
Schools desire applicants who understand scientific literature, know how research is performed and can distinguish credible research. Any research, as long as it is hypothesis-based and utilizes the scientific method can build your experience. As you do research, make sure you understand the hypothesis, the procedure, and your responsibility in the project. Participate in research through faculty-directed work, Idaho INBRE, the UC-Davis internship, or other internships nationwide.
Competitive applicants complete at least 1 experience and gain 100+ hours. Publishing or having a poster presentation is highly beneficial.
While medical schools do not have requirements for hobbies, they are interested in well-rounded students who know how to balance work with recreation. Hobbies and interests can make your application unique to you.
To be competitive, you should strive to meet the requirements in each individual area. One activity should not be counted in two areas. This is called “double-dipping,” and makes it appear you are not taking the time to develop yourself fully. While an activity may be both volunteer and leadership, or volunteer and patient exposure, you will list the experience as a single experience on your application—recognizing there may be overlap in some experiences.