What is geology?

Geology is the study of the earth's history and life, especially as recorded in rocks. Geology students gain an understanding of mountain building processes (plate tectonics), and a development of hazard plans to protect people. Geology students learn to predict where to find and develop energy and mineral resources. They understand how natural forces (wind, water, gravity, ice, etc.) shape the land and create needed soils. They learn about erosion, groundwater, surface water, and the protection of water resources. Geology students come to understand why environmental regulations and laws are necessary and sometimes misused.

Why should I consider majoring in geology?

Geologists are in high demand. Society needs geologists to mitigate the hazards associated with flooding, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, etc. Geologists find oil, natural gas, coal, uranium and other necessary resources. They find and develop strategic mineral deposits to mine gold, copper, zinc, tungsten, nickel and more. Geologists help society manage their water resources, striving to protect it from contamination. They understand climate changes that have occurred in geologic history are critical to developing appropriate actions for present-day concerns related to earth's warming.

What interests and values are related to geology?

Students of geology love nature and appreciate the outdoors. They have an interest in developing sustainable resources for society and future generations. They should have the ability to apply classroom knowledge to field situations. Geology requires a strong interest and aptitude in the sciences (mathematics, chemistry, physics, biology and computer science). Students should also want to develop problem-solving skills.

What career fields are related to geology?

  • Astronomy & Astrophysics
  • Geological & Geophysical Engineering
  • Geological/Earth Science/Geosciences
  • Mining & Mineral Engineering
  • Mining & Petroleum Technology
  • Oceanography
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Physical Science Technology
  • Physical Sciences
  • Physics

How can I learn more about geology?


Visit with student members of the Geology Academic Society

Occupational Outlook Handbook

Contact Source:

College of Physical Science & Engineering Academic Discovery Center

Location: Austin 106C

Phone: 208-496-9880

Email: CPSEacademicdiscoverycenter@byui.edu