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Math 100L: Lesson 6


Flashcard Vocabulary

  • to highlight (v)
  • to display (v)
  • automatic (adj)
  • principal (n)
  • considerable (adj)
  • to illustrate (v)
  • finance (n)
  • investment (n)
  • period (n)
  • annual (adj)

Helpful Vocabulary

  • to punch (v)
  • to hit (v)
  • laborious (adj)
  • cursor (n)
  • magic (n)
  • hefty (adj)
  • to scoot (v)
  • to drag (v)
  • probably (adv)
  • to compare (v)
  • to perform (v)
  • salary (n)
  • entirely (adv)
  • to manage (v)
  • essential (adj)
  • tight (adj)
  • principle (n)
  • staircase (n)
  • subsequent (n)
  • fast-food outlet (n)
  • grocery store (n)
  • from scratch (n)
  • tremendous (adj)
  • pancake (n)
  • mix (n)
  • significantly (adv)
  • household (adj)
  • peace of mind (n)

Speaking Partner Appointment: Study Skills; Excel Spreadsheets

Youg adults painting the side of a building

Math 100L Lesson 6 PDF

Read the following information to your Speaking Partner:

Visual Language Comparisons

When explaining something new, instructors often compare the new idea to something the students already know. For example when Brother Baird taught the concept of adding “like” numbers, he compared it to adding apples and apples. It is easier to remember something if we link it to something we already know. Try to link new information to personal experiences as much as possible. A picture in your mind is a powerful learning tool.

Examples from Brother Baird's video lectures:

That number is so big—we have created a monster.

That’s just like adding apples and oranges.

The pull between positive and negative numbers is similar to a tug of war.

Discussion Questions

  • Describe what you understand about these comparisons to your speaking partner.
  • Name some other comparisons Brother Baird has made in his lectures.
  • Do you find the comparisons helpful? If so, explain why they are helpful.
  • When learning geometric shapes, would it be helpful to compare it to something that you know? Compare the shapes of a cylinder and a cone to something you already know.

Budget

This week your portfolio assignment is to make sure that your “Budget and Expense” spreadsheet is current—that you have kept track of all your spending.

Read the following information to your Speaking Partner:

Everybody uses the money they receive. They spend it, save it, give it away, or invest it. When you budget, you are just planning how you will use your money before you actually use it. There are four basic steps to budgeting: planning, record keeping, summarizing, and evaluating.

The first step is planning. To plan, you must know two things: how much money you will earn and how much you will spend.

The second step is record keeping. Keep track of how you actually spend your money.

The third step is summarizing. You will gather the records of your actual expenses and total the results by category.

The final step is evaluating. Compare your actual expenses with your planned expenses. If there is a difference between the actual and budgeted amount, you will need to determine the reason.

With the understanding that comes from your evaluation, you are now ready to prepare your next budget. Budgeting is done in cycles. A budget cycle occurs each time you complete the four budgeting steps. After you have gone through a complete budget cycle, you will be able to adjust your new budget based on your actual experience. Each budget will be a little better than the last one. As you learn and become more experienced, your increased skill will allow you to meet more of your financial goals.

(“Basic Budgeting,” Ensign, June 1993)

Discussion Questions

  • What does it mean to evaluate your budget?
  • Have you been able to stay within your budget?
  • What is the biggest expense on your budget?
  • What changes do you need to make to your budget?

Pronunciation Practice

Compare the vowel sounds “e” as in “sheep” and “i” as in “ship.”

Listen to your Speaking Partner say the following words and then repeat them.

“E” sound“I” sound
E middle
sheep ship
leave live
machine minute
be busy
believe women
reach rich
people miss
eat it
heel hill
reason risen
deed did
steal still
each itch

Look at the following list of words. Take turns with your Speaking Partner making up sentences with the words.

  • leave
  • live
  • rich
  • reach
  • ship
  • sheep
  • fill
  • feel