Speaking Partner Visit: Verb “To Do” More Pronunciation
Read the following information about the use of the verb “to do” to your Speaking Partner.
You learned about the verb “to do” last week. Let’s review the use of this verb. To do is one of the most common verbs in English. It has many uses. It can be used as a helping verb and a main verb as well as in questions and negative statements. It is important for you to become comfortable and familiar with this word, as it is used so often in English speaking.
Learn the different forms of the verb to do.
Uses of “to do”
There is an interesting LDS story about the verb “to do.” At a stake Primary conference in 1957, Spencer W. Kimball heard the song “I am a Child of God.” After hearing the song, President Kimball asked the Primary leaders if the lines “Teach me all that I must know / To live with him someday” could be changed to “Teach me all that I must do / To live with him someday.” President Kimball later explained, “To know isn’t enough. The devils know and tremble; the devils know everything. We have to do something.”
- What new things did you learn about the verb “to do”?
- If your speaking partner is from the United States, ask him/her to tell you about the words “I do” in American wedding ceremonies outside the temple.
Try to fill in the blanks yourself and ask your speaking partner to help if you aren't sure of any answers.
- My mother likes chocolate ice cream, but she ______ like vanilla ice cream.
- These two companies ________ like to ________ business with each other.
- _______ the cat like to sleep on the sofa?
- Where ______ my brother put his CDs?
- My brother loves to watch soccer but he _______ like to watch basketball.
- My classmates _______ a cake for my birthday.
Reduced pronunciation: “and,” “or”
In spoken English, the words “and” and “or” have reduced pronunciation. The reduced pronunciations are standard English, not slang. You will understand English better if you are familiar with how these reduced words sound.
And is pronounced like the letter n. It sounds like the ending of “driven” and is connected to the preceding word.
- paper n pencil
- bread n butter
- bacon n eggs
Or is pronounced like the letter r. It sounds like the ending of “bigger” and is also connected to the preceding word.
- right r wrong
- rain r snow
- one r two
The following sentences are from Brother Baird’s video lectures. Read them with the reduced pronunciation for and and or. See if you recognize the reductions from the lectures.
- Two and three gives us five.
- Take two to the 16th power and divide it by two to the 13th power.
- So that means that this and this must be the same thing.
- You can do it one way or the other, it doesn’t matter.
- You can add, subtract, multiply, or divide anything.
Listen to your Speaking Partner say the following phrases with the reduced pronunciation. Repeat the phrases.
|Spoken English||Written English|
|redden white||red and white|
|deaden buried||dead and buried|
|often on||off and on|
|fallen spring||fall and spring|
|given take||give and take|
|blacker white||black or white|
|happier sad||happy or sad|
|runner walk||run or walk|
|buyer sell||buy or sell|
|cleaner dirty||clean or dirty|
Practice saying the following numbers:
- 14x – 3 = 6(x - 4)
- 8m – 4(m + 6) = 13m + 9
- 0053x + .067 - .005x
- 1/3 x 5/16