Flashcard Vocabulary

  • chart (n)
  • to insert (v)
  • option (n)
  • to edit (v)
  • location (n)
  • method (n)
  • trend (n)
  • to visualize (v)

Helpful Vocabulary

  • steady (adj)
  • to default (v)
  • to weep (v)
  • creditor (n)
  • slave (n)
  • to enable (v)
  • fruitful (adj)
  • insistence (n)
  • borrower (n)
  • lender (n)
  • to dull (v)
  • husbandry (n)
  • to accustom (v)
  • inconvenience (n)
  • calamity (n)
  • philosopher's stone (n)
  • thrift (n)
  • recession (n)
  • downward (adj)
  • materialism (n)
  • keep up with the Joneses
  • gadget (n)
  • subtle (adj)
  • technique (n)
  • resistance (n)
  • self-denial (n)
  • liquid asset (n)
  • heartache (n)
  • tendency (n)
  • luxury (n)
  • exorbitant (adj)
  • substantial (adj)
  • discount (n)
  • to incur (v)
  • to implore (v)
  • solvency (n)
  • to plunge into (phrasal verb)
  • pretentious (adj)
  • spacious (adj)
  • down payment (n)
  • tremendous (adj)
  • forgo (v)
  • efficient (Adj)
  • vividly (adv)
  • second-hand (adj)
  • overstuffed (adj)
  • card table (n)
  • favorable(adj)
  • conspicuous consumption(n)
  • oracle (n)
  • crop (n)
  • flock (n)
  • to heed (v)
  • prompt (adj)
  • prosperity (n)
  • to prosper (v)
  • mortgage (v)
  • contentment (adj)

Speaking Partner Visit: Chronological Order; "R" Pronunciation

Speaking Skill

Read the following information to your Speaking Partner:

When you explain how to do something or how to solve a problem, use words and expressions that show the time when each step is to be done. This is called “chronological order.” It is very important when learning math operations or programs such as Excel because there are steps that must be done before other steps. The following words are used often when explaining a process.

after last
after that next
afterward now
before then
finally until
first when

Discussion Questions

  1. How important are these words in explaining a process? Can you try to explain how to do something without using these words?
  2. Explain how to add 358 + 89 and see how many times you use the words above.
  3. Explain to your Speaking Partner how to create a spreadsheet document in Excel without showing the computer screen.
  4. Tell your Speaking Partner how you celebrate Christmas with your family. How often do you use the words listed above?
  5. Listen for the process words above as your speaking partner tells how he/she celebrates Christmas.

Pronunciation Practice

Practice saying the following numbers, years, and equations:

  • 2011
  • 2009
  • 2005
  • 2000
  • 1995
  • 1972
  • $6,013.06
  • $32,415.68
  • $1,698.04
  • 3x + y = 9
  • 6x - 4y = 13
  • m = 5/2
  • .98
  • .001
  • .8
  • .064
  • 1/2x + 1/3y = 28
  • 3/4 - 4/5x = 3/8y + 2

English pronunciation of the “r” sound

The “r” sound in English is a sound in which the mouth moves during pronunciation. Listen to your Speaking Partner say the following words. Then repeat the words.

read run real risk rip
rich ready room right repeat

Listen to your Speaking Partner say the following words when the “r” sound is not at the beginning of the word. Then repeat the words.

correct try short turn shirt
circle four warn heart third

Do the following activity with your Speaking Partner.

List as many cities or countries as you can that have the “r” sound. Examples: New York, Ireland.

Choose a place you would like to visit. Use some of the following phrases with the “r” sound to tell why you want to visit that place. First say each phrase and make sure you understand the meaning.

really beautiful friendly people lots of rain or rainbows
race tracks research schools culturally rich
rivers rave reviews a large range of foods
rat race reptiles retail stores
rifle ranges rock climbing rock ‘n’ roll bands