DEPARTMENT OF NURSING PHILOSOPHY
The Mission Statements of BYU-Idaho and the Department of Nursing serve as guidelines for program development. Guidelines are reflected in the Philosophy and Program Outcomes of the Department of Nursing. The Philosophy of the BYU-Idaho Department of Nursing is established to give direction to faculty and students regarding common values and beliefs which underlie the nursing profession. This philosophy incorporates beliefs regarding person, environment, health, and nursing.
Each person is a child of God, an eternal, unique being of body, mind and spirit. As such, he or she has a holistic nature, incorporating unique physical, social, cultural, mental, and spiritual qualities. This individual has the opportunity to choose and act in a universe created for the purpose of fostering growth and development in self and others. Five conditions are essential to this experience:
- Laws: Certain rules or expectations exist, each of which has a consequence. Experience with laws promotes understanding and knowledge of the values that underlie Christ-centered principles; e.g. integrity, respect for human dignity, respect for autonomy, and concern for the welfare of others.
- Opposites: Opposition provides opportunity for choice.
- Knowledge: A person needs knowledge to make choices.
- Agency: A person has the power to make choices.
- Stewardship: Responsibility for the consequences of choices remains with the person.
A person is strengthened through support, empathy, acceptance, and congruence in social interactions. Patients are likely to respond to supportive interactions positively, whether from family, friends, or nursing personnel. Nurses likewise are best able to establish caring relationships when they themselves feel supported, accepted and understood.
The environment is complex, interactive, and constantly changing. Accepting this may reduce interpersonal stress and enhance mutual growth. The environment includes physical surroundings, technology, culture, beliefs, customs, attitudes, and norms while governed by standards and outcomes. Each person influences and is influenced by the environment. Nursing influences the environment to facilitate holistic care.
Health is a continuum from total wellness to extreme illness with varying degrees of functionality. It is a dynamic, ever-changing interaction of physical, social, cultural, mental, and spiritual natures. Health is influenced by heredity, environment, attitude, and life-style. At various times in the process of growth and development, a person has altered abilities to contribute and perform tasks. Individuals may manifest simultaneous states of wellness and illness and have the potential to grow and change.
Nursing is a professional discipline based on concepts, principles, and theories from nursing, sciences, humanities, and religious studies. The nursing process creates the foundation for competent patient care and is enhanced by teamwork, delegation, collaboration and continuous quality improvement. Nurses have a stewardship in a worldwide society to act as a competent nurse, incorporate clinical reasoning and develop a professional identity.
Competent Nurse: Become a caring professional committed to health promotion, disease prevention, evidence-based practice, caring advocacy, and safe, quality care for patients across the lifespan.
Clinical Reasoning: Think critically about consequences of actions through simulated and live patient care while demonstrating integration of nursing science, sound clinical judgment, and legal and ethical decision-making.
Professional Identity: Apply theory to clinical practice in ways that reflect personal and professional accountability for growth.
Teaching & Learning: Collaborative learning evolves as information is shared between students and teachers. This process of teaching and learning is augmented by the use of technology and informatics. The faculty exemplifies and promotes life-long learning. The faculty recognizes the student gains knowledge in a variety of ways and validates this knowledge by defining and evaluating outcomes. All students come from various ethnic and cultural backgrounds. They bring unique perspectives, learning styles, and needs while accepting responsibility for their learning. By applying the BYU-I Learning Model they take an active role in the learning process. They are expected to master the program outcomes, assess their individual academic needs, explore new ideas, gain knowledge and understanding and become disciple leaders. We believe in sharing nursing knowledge through professional organizations and collaborating with clinical partners and other institutions. Additionally, this is exemplified through the cluster courses offered for students in non-nursing majors. These help educate and prepare students in necessary life skills and support the university mission.