Zumdahl, Chemistry 7th or 8th edition

Chemistry 106: Chapters 11-21



Chapter 11 Properties of Solutions

11.1 Solution Composition

11.2 The Energies of Solution Formation

11.3 Factors Affecting Solubility

11.4 The Vapor Pressures of Solutions

11.5 Boiling-Point Elevation and Freezing-Point Depression

11.6 Osmotic Pressure

11.7 Colligative Properties of Electrolyte Solutions

11.8 Colloids

Chapter 12 Chemical Kinetics

12.1 Reaction Rates

12.2 Rate Laws: An Introduction

12.3 Determining the Form of the Rate Law

12.4 The Integrated Rate Law

12.5 Rate Laws: A Summary

12.6 Reaction Mechanisms

12.7 A Model for Chemical Kinetics

12.8 Catalysis

Chapter 13 Chemical Equilibrium

13.1 The Equilibrium Condition

13.2 The Equilibrium Constant

13.3 Equilibrium Expressions Involving Pressures

13.4 Heterogeneous Equilibria

13.5 Applications of the Equilibrium Constant

13.6 Solving Equilibrium Problems

13.7 Le Chatelier's Principle

Chapter 14 Acids and Bases

14.1 The Nature of Acids and Bases

14.2 Acid Strength

14.3 The pH Scale

14.4 Calculating the pH of Strong Acid Solutions

14.5 Calculating the pH of Weak Acid Solutions

14.6 Bases

14.7 Polyprotic Acids

14.8 Acid-Base Properties of Salts

14.9 The Effect of Structure on Acid-Base Properties

14.10 Acid-Base Properties of Oxides

14.11 The Lewis Acid-Base Model

14.12 Strategy for Solving Acid-Base Problems: A Summary

Chapter 15 Applications of Aqueous Equilibria

Acid-Base Equilibria

15.1 Solutions of Acids or Bases Containing a Common Ion

15.2 Buffered Solutions

15.3 Buffer Capacity

15.4 Titrations and pH Curves

15.5 Acid-Base Indicators

Solubility Equilibria

15.6 Solubility Equilibria and the Solubility Product

15.7 Precipitation and Qualitative Analysis

Complex Ion Equilibria

15.8 Equilibria Involving Complex Ions

Chapter 16 Spontaneity, Entropy, and Free Energy

16.1 Spontaneous Processes and Entropy

16.2 Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

16.3 The Effect of Temperature on Spontaneity

16.4 Free Energy

16.5 Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions

16.6 Free Energy and Chemical Reactions

16.7 The Dependence of Free Energy on Pressure

16.8 Free Energy and Equilibrium

16.9 Free Energy and Work

Chapter 17 Electrochemistry

17.1 Galvanic Cells

17.2 Standard Reduction Potential

17.3 Cell Potential, Electrical Work, and Free Energy

17.4 Dependence of Cell Potential on Concentration

17.5 Batteries

17.6 Corrosion

17.7 Electrolysis

17.8 Commercial Electrolytic Processes

Chapter 18 The Nucleus: A Chemist's View

18.1 Nuclear Stability and Radioactive Decay

18.2 The Kinetics of Radioactive Decay

18.3 Nuclear Transformations

18.4 Detection and Uses of Radioactivity

18.5 Thermodynamic Stability of the Nucleus

18.6 Nuclear Fission and Nuclear Fusion

18.7 Effects of Radiation

Chapter 19 The Representative Elements: Groups 1A Through 4A

19.1 A Survey of the Representative Elements

19.2 The Group 1A Elements

19.3 Hydrogen

19.4 The Group 2A Elements

19.5 The Group 3A Elements

19.6 The Group 4A Elements

Chapter 20 The Representative Elements: Groups 5A Through 8A

20.1 The Group 5A Elements

20.2 The Chemistry of Nitrogen

20.3 The Chemistry of Phosphorus

20.4 The Group 6A Elements

20.5 The Chemistry of Oxygen

20.6 The Chemistry of Sulfur

20.7 The Group 7A Elements

20.8 The Group 8A Elements

Chapter 21 Transition Metals and Coordination Chemistry

21.1 The Transition Metals: A Survey

21.2 The First-Row Transition Metals

21.3 Coordination Compounds

21.4 Isomerism

21.5 Bonding in Complex Ions: The Localized Electron Model

21.6 The Crystal Field Model

21.7 The Biologic Importance of Coordination Complexes

21.8 Metallurgy and Iron and Steel Production

Chapter 22 Organic and Biological Molecules

22.1 Alkanes: Saturated Hydrocarbons

22.2 Alkenes and Alkynes

22.3 Aromatic Hydrocarbons

22.4 Hydrocarbon Derivatives

22.5 Polymers

22.6 Natural Polymers