We want to hear from you!

BYU-Idaho values suggestions and ideas that can improve the university.
Use our Feedback Form to let us know what you think.

Brigham Young University Logo

Chem. 106 Course Topics (before 2005)

General Chemistry, 7th Edition

Whitten, Davis, Peck, Stanley


Chemistry 106: Chapter 15-26



15 Chemical Thermodynamics

Heat Changes and Thermochemistry

15-1 The First Law of Thermodynamics

15-2 Some Thermodynamic Terms

15-3 Enthalpy Changes

15-4 Calorimetry

15-5 Thermochemical Equations

15-6 Standard States and Standard Enthalpy Changes

15-7 Standard Moalr Enthalpies of Formation, ΔHf°

15-8 Hess's Law

15-9 Bond Energies

15-10 Changes in Internal Energy, ΔE

15-11 Relationship Between ΔH and ΔE

Spontaneity of Physical and Chemical Changes

15-12 The Two Aspects of Spontaneity

15-13 The Second Law of Thermodynamics

15-14 Entropy, S

15-15 Free Energy Change, ΔG, and Spontaneity

15-16 The Temperature Dependence of Spontaneity


16 Chemical Kinetics

16-1 The Rate of a Reaction

Factors that Affect Reaction Rates

16-2 Nature of the Reactants

16-3 Concentration of Reactants: The Rate-Law Expression

16-4 Concentration Versus Time: The Integrated Rate Equation

  • First-Order Reactions
  • Second-Order Reactions
  • Zero-Order Reaction

16-5 Collision Theory of Reaction Rates

16-6 Transition State Theory

16-7 Reaction Mechanisms and the Rate-Law Expression

16-8 Temperature: The Arrhenius Equation

16-9 Catalysts

  • Homogeneous Catalysis
  • Heterogeneous Catalysis
  • Enzymes as Biological Catalysts


17 Chemical Equilibrium

17-1 Basic Concepts

17-2 The Equilibrium Constant

17-3 Variation of Kc with the Form of the Balanced Equation

17-4 The Reaction Quotient

17-5 Uses of the Equilibrium Constant, Kc

17-6 Disturbing a System at Equilibrium: Predictions

  • Changes in Concentration
  • Changes in Volume and Pressure
  • Changes in Temperature
  • Addition of a Catalyst

17-7 The Haber Process: A Practical Application of Equilibrium

17-8 Disturbing a System at Equilibrium: Calculations

17-9 Partial Pressures and the Equilibrium Constant

17-10 Relationship Between Kp and Kc

17-11 Heterogeneous Equilibria

17-12 Relationship Between ΔGrxn° and the Equilibrium Constant

17-13 Evaluation of Equilibrium Constants at Different Temperatures


18 Ionic Equilibria I: Acids and Bases

18-1 A Review of Strong Electrolytes

18-2 The Autoionization of Water

18-3 The pH and pOH Scales

18-4 Ionization Constants for Weak Monoprotic Acids and Bases

18-5 Polyprotic Acids

18-6 Solvolysis

18-7 Salts of Strong Bases and Strong Acids

18-8 Salts of Strong Bases and Weak Acids

18-9 Salts of Weak Bases and Strong Acids

18-10 Salts of Weak Bases and Weak Acids

  • Salts of Weak Bases and Weak Acids for Which Kb=Ka
  • Salts of Weak Bases and Weak Acids for Which Kb>Ka
  • Salts of Weak Bases and Weak Acids for Which Kba

18-11 Salts that Contain /Small, Highly Charged Cations


19 Ionic Equilibria II: Buffers and Titration Curves

19-1 The Common Ion Effect and Buffer Solutions

  • Weak Acids Plus Salts of Weak Acids
  • Weak Bases Plus Salts of Weak Bases

19-2 Buffering Action

  • Solutions of a Weak Acid and a Salt of the Weak Acid
  • Solutions of a Weak Base and a Salt of the Weak Base

19-3 Preparation of Buffer Solutions

19-4 Acid-Base Indicators

Titration Curves

19-5 Strong Acid/Strong Base Titration Curves

19-6 Weak Acid/Strong Base Titration Curves

19-7 Weak Acid/ Weak Base Titration Curves

19-8 Summary of Acid-Base Calculations


20 Ionic Equilibria III: The Solubility Product Principle

20-1 Solubility Product Constants

20-2 Determination of solubility Product Constants

20-3 Uses of Solubility Product Constants

  • The Common Ion Effect in Solubility Calculations
  • The Reaction Quotient in Precipitation Reactions

20-4 Fractional Precipitation

20-5 Simultaneous Equilibria Involving Slightly Soluble Compounds

20-6 Dissolving Precipitates

  • Converting and Ion to a Weak Electrolyte
  • Converting an Ion to Another Species by a Redox Reaction
  • Complex Ion Formation


21 Electrochemistry

21-1 Electrical Conduction

21-2 Electrodes

Electrolytic Cells

21-3 The Electrolysis of Molten Sodium Chloride (the Downs Cell)

21-4 The Electrolysis of Aqueous Sodium Chloride

21-5 the Electrolysis of Aqueous Sodium Sulfate

21-6 Counting Electrons: Coulometry and Faraday's Law of Electrolysis

21-7 Commercial Applications of Electrolytic Cells

Voltaic of Galvanic Cells

21-8 The construction of Simple Voltaic Cells

21-9 The Zinc-Copper Cell

21-10 The Copper-Silver Cell

Standard Electrode Potentials

21-11 The Standard Hydrogen Electrode

21-12 The Zinc-SHE Cell

21-13 The Copper-SHE Cell

21-14 Standard Electrode Potentials

21-15 Uses of Standard Electrode Potentials

21-16 Standard Electrode Potentials for Other Half-Reactions

21-17 Corrosion

21-18 Corrosion Protection

Effect of Concentrations (or Partial Pressures) on Electrode Potentials

21-19 The Nernst Equation

21-20 Using Electrochemical Cells to Determine Concentrations

21-21 The Relationship of Ecell° to ΔG° and K

Primary Voltaic Cells

21-23 The Lead Storage Battery

21-24 The Nickel-Cadmium (Nicad) Cell

21-25 The Hydrogen-Oxygen Fuel Cell


22 Metals I: Metallurgy


22-1 Occurrence of the Metals


22-2 Pretreatment of Ores

22-3 Reduction to the Free Metals

22-4 Refining of Metals

Metallurgies of Specific Metals

22-5 Magnesium

22-6 Aluminum

22-7 Iron

22-8 Copper

22-9 Gold


23 Metals II: Properties and Reactions

23 The Alkali Metals (Group IA)

23-1 Group IA Metals: Properties and Occurrence

23-2 Reactions of the Group IA Metals

23-3 Uses of Group IA Metals and Their Compounds

The Alkaline Earth Metals (Group IIA)

23-4 Group IIA Metals: Properties and Occurrence

23-5 Reactions of the Group IIA Metals

23-6 Uses of Group IIA Metals and Their Compounds

The Post-Transition Metals

23-8 General Properties

23-9 Oxidation States

23-10 Chromium Oxides, Oxyanions, and Hydroxides


24 Some Nonmetals and Metalloids

The Noble Gases (Group VIIIA)

24-1 Occurrence, Uses and Properties

24-2 Xenon Compounds

The Halogens (Group VIIA)

24-3 Properties

24-4 Occurrence, Production, and Uses

24-5 Reactions of the Free Halogens

24-6 The Hydrogen Halides and Hydrohalic Acids

24-7 The Oxoacids (Ternary Acids) of the Halogens

Sulfur, Selenium and Tellurium

24-8 Occurrence, Properties, and Uses

24-9 Reaction of Group VIA Elements

24-10 Hydrides of Group VIA Elements

24-11 Group VIA Oxides

24-12 Oxoacids of Sulfur

Nitrogen and Phosphorus

24-13 Occurrence of Nitrogen

24-14 Hydrogen Compounds of Nitrogen

24-15 Nitrogen Oxides

24-16 Some Oxoacids of Nitrogen and Their Salts

24-17 Phosphorus


24-18 Silicon and the Silicates


25 Coordination Compounds

25-1 Coordination Compounds

25-2 Ammine Complexes

25-3 Important Terms

25-4 Nomenclature

25-5 Structures

Isomerism in Coordination Compounds

25-6 Structural (Constitutional)

25-7 Stereoisomers

Bonding in Coordination Compounds

25-8 Crystal Field Theory

25-9 Color and the Spectrochemical Series


26 Nuclear Chemistry

26-1 The Nucleus

26-2 Neutron-Proton Ratio and Nuclear Stability

26-3 Nuclear Stability and Binding Energy

26-4 Radioactive Decay

26-5 Equations for Nuclear Reactions

26-6 Neutron-Rich Nuclei (Above the Band of Stability)

26-7 Neutron-Poor Nuclei (Below the Band of Stability)

26-8 Nuclei with Atomic Number Greater Then 83

26-9 Detection of Radiation

26-10 Rates of Decay and Half-Life

26-11 Disintegration Series

26-12 Uses of Radionuclides

26-13 Artificial Transmutation of Elements

26-14 Nuclear Fission

26-15 Nuclear Fission Reactors

26-16 Nuclear Fusion


27 Organic Chemistry I: Formulas, Names, and Properties

Saturated Hydrocarbons

27-1 Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

27-2 Naming Saturated Hydrocarbons

Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

27-3 Alkenes

27-4 Alkynes

Aromatic Hydrocarbons

27-5 Benzene

27-6 Other Aromatic Hydrocarbons

27-7 Hydrocarbons: A Summary

Functional Groups

27-8 Organic Halides

27-9 Alcohols and Phenols

27-10 Ethers

27-11 Aldehydes and Ketones

27-12 Amines

27-13 Carboxylic Acids

27-14 Some Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids

27-15 Summary of Functional Groups

Fundamental Classes of Organic Reactions

27-16 Substitution Reactions

27-17 Addition Reactions

27-18 Elimination Reactions

27-19 Polymerization Reactions


28 Organic Chemistry II: Shapes, Selected Reactions, and Biopolymers

Shapes of Organic Molecules

28-1 Constitutional Isomers

28-2 Stereoisomers

28-3 Conformations

Selected Reactions

28-4 Reactions of Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases

28-5 Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

28-6 Formation of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

28-7 Hydrolysis of Esters


28-8 Carbohydrates

28-9 Polypeptides and Proteins

28-10 Nucleic Acids