Topics for Chem 101
1.      Working with Numbers
a)     Scientific Notation
2.      Sig Figs
a)     Rules for Counting
b)     Rules for Calculations
c)      Rules for Measurements
3.      Metric System
a)     Memorize metric prefixes
4.      Conversions
a)     Dimensional Analysis
b)     Conversions with metric
c)      Conversion with non metric
d)     Conversion with powers
5.      Density
a)     Calculating
b)     Sinking and Floating
6.      Classification of Matter
a)     Elements
      i)       Periodic Table
              (1)  Basic Shape/order
              (2)  Names/symbols
              (3)  Metals/Nonmetals
              (4)  Group names
b)     Compounds
      i)       Writing Formulas
     ii)     Law of Constant Composition
c)      Mixtures
     i)       Homogeneous
    ii)     Heterogeneous
7.      Properties
a)     Chemical
b)     Physical
8.      Separations
a)     Chemical
        i)       Chemical reactions
b)     Physical
        i)       Filter
       ii)     Decant
      iii)   Distillation
9.      Energy
a)     Definition
b)     Specific heat
       i)       Constants
      ii)     Calculations
           (1)  Calorimetry: Heat Lost = Heat Gained
10.  Modern definition of atoms
a)     Protons, Neutrons, Electrons
    ii)     Nucleus
b)     Periodic Table
         i)       Atomic Numbers
c)      Ions
         i)       Cations
         ii)     Anions
d)     Isotopes
e)     Atomic Mass
 11.  Electron Configuration
a)     Orbitals
         i)       Types/Shapes
        ii)     Levels
b)     Periodic Table and Order of orbitals
         i)       Aufbau Principle
        ii)     Hunds Rule
       iii)   Pauli Exclusion Principle
       iv)   Shorthand
12.  Periodic Trends
a)     Size
b)     Ionization Energy
13.  Octet Rule
a)     Valence Electrons
 b)     Common Charges of ions
        i)       Noble Gas Electron Configuration
c)      Size of Ions
d)     Lewis Dot Structures of Atoms
14.   Ionic Compounds
a)     Cations and Anions
b)     Names and Formulas
      i)       Balancing Charges
     ii)     Polyatomic Ions
    iii)   Transition Metal Ions
    iv)   Variable charges
     v)     Roman Numerals
    vi)   Exceptions
15.  Properties of Ionic Compounds
16.  Naming Binary Covalent Compounds
17.  Naming Acids
a)     Strong and Weak Acids and Bases (Memorize)
18.  Drawing Lewis Structures
a)     Multiple Bonds
b)     Symmetric/Unsymmetric Molecules
c)      Electronegativity
       i)   Polar bonds
d)     Polar Molecules
19.  Moles
a)     Definition
b)     Avogadro's Number
c)     Counting by Weighing
       i)  Molar Mass
20.  Stoichiometry
a)     Calculations with just atoms
b)     Molecules
       i)   Molar Mass
      ii)     Conversion Factors from Chemical Formulas/Subscripts
     iii)   Calculations
21.  Determining Formulas of Compounds
a)     Percent Composition
b)     Empirical Formulas
c)      Molecular Formulas
22.  Chemical Reactions
a)     Writing Equations
      i)  Reactants and products
     ii)   States
b)     Balancing Reactions
23.  Moles and Chemical Reactions
a)     Conversion Factors from Balanced equations
      i)       Coefficients
     ii)     Calculations
b)     Limiting Reactants
      i)       Definition
     ii)     Determining which is the limiting reactant
    iii)   Calculations with limiting reactant
c)      Percent Yield
      i)       Definition
     ii)     Calculations
d)     Enthalpy
      i)       Calculations
24.  Solubility of Ionic Compounds
a)     Solubility Table
25.  Types of Reactions
a)     Combination/Synthesis
b)     Decomposition
c)      Single Replacement
d)     Double Replacement
      i)       Complete and Balance
26.  Types of Reactions 2
a)     Precipitation Reactions
     i)       Identifying the Precipitate
    ii)     If no ppt, no reaction occurs
b)     Acid Base Reactions
     i)       Complete and balance
c)      Gas Evolution Reactions
      i)       Complete and balance
           (1)  H2S
           (2)  H2CO3
d)     Redox Reaction
      i)       Recognizing Redox Reaction
           (1)  Combustion Reactions
      ii)     Oxidation and Reduction
           (1)  Definitions
           (2)  Identifying what species are Oxidized and Reduced
           (3)  Identifying what species are the Oxidizing Agent and Reducing Agent
27.  Solutions
a)     Definitions
b)     Concentration
     i)       Percent
          (1)  Mass Percent
          (2)  Mass/Volume Percent
    ii)     Molarity
          (1)  Dilutions
c)      Chemical Reactions and Molarity
     i)       Calculations
    ii)     Titration
           (1)  Indicators
           (2)  Calculations
28.  Gases
a)     Kinetic Molecular Theory
b)     Pressure
      i)       Barometer
     ii)     Units
           (1)  Conversions
c)      Gas Laws
     i)       Boyle's Law
    ii)     Charles's Law
           (1)  Kelvin Temperature
   iii)   Standard Temperature and Pressure
   iv)   Combined Gas Law
    v)     Avogadro's Law
    vi)   Ideal Gas Law
           (1)  Molar Mass from the Ideal Gas Law
           (2)  Relationship of MM to Density of Gases
d)     Mixtures of Gases
     i)       Partial Pressure
    ii)     Dalton's Law
e)     Gases in Chemical Reactions
     i)       Calculations
29.  Intermolecular Forces
a)     Types
     i)       H-Bond
    ii)     Dipole
   iii)   London
b)     Identifying types in Molecules
c)      Strength of IMFs
30.  Solids Liquids and Gases
a)     Properties
b)     Differences
31.  Evaporation and Condensation
 a)     Relationship with IMF
 b)     Relationship with Temperature
 c)      Vapor Pressure
      i)       Relationship with IMF
32.  Boiling
a)     Definition
b)     How to boil
c)      Relationship with IMF
33.  Melting, Freezing, and Sublimation
a)     Energy associated with phase changes
b)     ΔHvap
c)      ΔHfus
d)     Calculations
34.  Colligitive Properties
a)     Melting Point Depression
b)     Freezing Point elevation
35.  Rates of Chemical Reactions
a)     Collision Theory
b)     Activation Energy
c)      Factors that affect the Rate
      i)       Nature of Reactants
     ii)     Concentration of Reactants
    iii)   Temperature
    iv)   Size and Physical States of Reactants
     v)     Catalyst
36.  Equilibrium
a)     Definition
b)     Properties of a Reaction at Equilibrium
c)      Equilibrium Constants
       i)       Write Expressions
            (1)  States included
      ii)     Calculations
     iii)   Large or Small K - what does it "mean"
 d)     Le Chatelier's Principle
       i)       Changing amounts of reactants and products
      ii)     Temperature
     iii)   Pressure
37.  Acids and Bases
a)     Properties of Acids
b)     Property of Bases
c)      Arrhenious Theory
      i)       Hydronium
d)     Bronsted-Lowry Theory
       i)       Proton/H+
      ii)     Conjugate Acids and Bases
          (1)  Conjugate acid/base pairs
          (2)  Identifying in acid base reactions
e)     Strength of Acids
      i)       Strong Acids
     ii)     Weak Acids
    iii)   Strong Bases
    iv)   Weak Bases
f)       Amphiprotic Water
      i)       Kw
g)     pH
      i)       Calculations of pH
     ii)     Calculations of [H3O+]
    iii)   Calculations of pOJ
    iv)   Calculations of [OH-]
     v)     pH Scale
         (1)  Calculations
h)     Buffers
     i)       Definitions
    ii)     Examples
     i)       Ka
     i)       Writing Expressions