Academic Preparation Overview

Optometry schools recommend earning a Bachelor’s degree and completing a set of prerequisite classes, which can vary from school to school. See the Required and Recommended Courses link to learn which BYU-Idaho courses can meet optometry school prerequisite requirements.

We have many major options at BYU-Idaho, including a major in Biomedical Science that contains most of the prerequisites for optometry school admission.  Optometry schools do not have a preference regarding your choice of undergraduate major, so study something you love!  If you need help choosing a major, please come and see us in Career and Academic Advising.

Required and Recommended Courses

This guide is designed for applying to a range of optometry schools. It is not a comprehensive list. Requirements may vary by school. See a Health Professions Advisor if you have additional class planning questions.

Optometry School Prerequisites (PDF)

AP Credits

Check with individual schools to see if they accept Advanced Placement (AP) credits earned in high school towards their prerequisites. AP credit is acceptable for General Education requirements and other degree requirements.

Grading Policies and GPA Requirements

  • GPA—Optometry schools generally look at three GPAs: Overall GPA, Science GPA, and All Other (Non-Science) GPA.
    • Generally, the minimum GPA required for Overall, Science, and all Non-Science is 3.0 but may be higher or lower depending on the school.
    • To be most competitive, strive to earn at least a 3.2-3.6 GPA.
  • Withdrawals—W’s should be used only for emergencies, although W’s will not affect your GPA.
  • Repeated/Retaken Courses—You can retake a course for optometry school. Only the repeat grade will be included in your GPA calculations when you apply.
  • CLEP Credit & Correspondence Study—Not acceptable as part of the pre-optometry curriculum
  • AP Credits—Generally, students must take coursework beyond introductory classes waived by AP, but may be accepted by individual schools

Preparing for Letters of Recommendation

When it is time to apply to optometry school, you will need 2-3 letters of recommendation. It is important to keep this in mind as you begin your academic preparation. Your letters should support your application by speaking to things like your academic ability, your commitment to service, leadership, teamwork, reliability, and resilience.

Types of Letters Needed:

1 Science Professor (Biology, Chemistry, Physics, or Math), 1 Optometrist, and 1 letter from Community Service Supervisor, Research Supervisor, etc.

Tips to Get to Know Your Professors/Mentors

  • Visit their offices regularly
  • Look for mentors, not just letter writers
  • Be genuinely interested in those you seek as mentors
  • Be humble and gracious
  • Ask thoughtful questions
  • Share your academic and career goals
  • Inquire about their areas of interest and research
  • After you have gotten to know professors, ask about further opportunities, e.g., teaching assistantships, individual research projects, etc.

Helpful Websites and Resources